The Agreement on Technical Cooperation, signed in 1978, set the basis for promoting cooperation between Chile and Japan. In this regard, the sending of experts, the training of Chilean technicians in Japan, the supply of equipment and machinery and the sending of missions to Chile to pursue studies in various fields should be noted.
This cooperation initially focused on the training of human resources and projects in the areas of fisheries, aquaculture and mining. In the late 80's, Japan cooperated with large-scale projects such as the creation of an international center for telecommunications training, the Metropolitan Fish Market( Metropolitan Fish Market), the Copiapó Mining Training Center and the National Environment Center.
In 1997, on the occasion of the centenary of Chile-Japan diplomatic relations, Japan launched the Youth Volunteer Program, through which young Japanese live in Chilean regions for two years to teach a trade to Chilean communities.
Cooperation has evolved as Chile has reached greater levels of development. In 1999, Chile and Japan signed a partnership agreement for triangular cooperation: "Japan – Chile Partnership Program" (JCPP). Its purpose is to provide joint technical assistance with developing countries by combining human, technological and financial resources of both countries.
On April 27, 2010, two months after the earthquake that hit Chile, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in prevention and early warning of earthquakes and tsunamis. This agreement led to the visit of three Chilean delegations of agencies related to this issue to Japan – National Emergency Office (ONEMI), Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service of the Chilean Navy (SHOA), Under-Secretariat for Telecommunications (SUBTEL), Ministry of Public Works and Seismologic Service of the University of Chile – whose delegates learned in field about the Japanese system in case of natural disasters.
Subsequently, cooperation in this field has been deepened with a new project called "Enhancement of technology to develop a tsunami-resilient community," which has a budget of US$ 3 million. This project was formalized through a ceremony of exchange of notes held at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile on 1 July 2011. This project will last four years and will be run by Universidad Católica, Univeridad Técnica Federico Santa Maria, Universidad de Concepción, Universidad de Valparaiso and organizations such as ONEMI and SHOA, in conjunction with their Japanese counterparts and coordinated by Japan's Port and Airport Research Institute (PARI).